These food emission factors apply to the 2017, 2018, 2019, and 2020 version of emission factors in SIMAP.
|Scope 3: Food|
|Food purchases||Greenhouse gas emissions factor||kg eCO2 / kg food||Heller and Keoleian 2014, Greenhouse gas emission estimates of US dietary choices and food loss, Journal of Industiral Ecology DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12174||https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jiec.12174||kg eCO2 / kg food||Greenhouse gas emissions factors were collected from Heller & Keoleian 2014 for the food categories in SIMAP. The factors in Heller & Keoleian 2014 are averages by food category based on a literature survey conducted for the paper. Transport emissions for average food miles are included in these emissions factors.|
|Greenhouse gas emissions factor for local food||kg eCO2 / kg food||Heller and Keoleian 2014, Greenhouse gas emission estimates of US dietary choices and food loss, Journal of Industiral Ecology DOI: 10.1111/jiec.12174; Weber and Matthews 2008, Food-miles and the relative climate impacts of food choices in the United States, Environmental Science & Technology 15: 3508-13.||https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jiec.12174; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18546681||(kg eCO2 / kg food) * (1 - 3%)||250 miles was selected because it is a widely used average for local food miles. The greenhouse gas emissions factors from Heller & Keoleian 2014 were modified to reduce the tranport emissions. It was assumed that final transport accounts for 4% of greenhouse gas emissions from food (Weber & Matthews 2008), so the Heller & Keoleian 2014 emissions factors were reduced by 3% overall to account for a roughly 75% reduction in transport miles.|